acceptance, accusation, bad person, change, death, definition, difference, disrespect, fixed, giving, good person, growth, guilty, heart, hopeless romantic, hurt, judgment, kindness, life, love, loving, mistakes, pieces, quotes, reflection, revealation, saved, self-worth, selfish, selfless, sickness, society, strangers, taker, unexpected, unintetional, unlucky, value
My name is Allison Ryder and I am unlucky at love.
I am a hopeless romantic who loves love. I am a selfless and giving individual who loves feeling needed but I also want to be appreciated for my giving, not expected to just give because I’m a good person. Some people would argue my good nature because I’ve unintentionally hurt people in my life but that is the difference between myself and a bad person – I never intentionally and maliciously tried to hurt someone, especially someone I care about.
Everything I’ve done in life has been a stepping stone to lead up to where I am, every choice I’ve made has changed me and taught me something – and I have faithfully lived by “it was worth it in the end,” as it stands engraved on my body.
I am absolutely guilty of giving too much of my love and giving too much in general – to the wrong people but they’re also people I chose to not marry, to walk away from, to stop giving to. Maybe not when it was good for you but when it was good for ME. I have spent so much of my life appeasing the people I love, the people I want to be with, swallowing my feelings out of fear of losing people, and losing myself in other people – in what they want, in what they need, in loving them. I find myself feeling like a horrible person if I ever make a simple mistake or hurt someone unintentionally but over the course of 48 hours, I’ve slowly found myself.
I am not a bad person because I’m a giver – and it’s not a reflection on me that takers target me because I’m a good person. I don’t need to be fixed or saved, and I don’t need anyone’s approval to be who I am, to do what I choose to do with my life. I deserve more than I have gotten, more than I have allowed myself to receive from people. I watched one situation unravel and break my heart from under me, as he has my heart. And then I felt the world of a dear friend shake beneath her, as her body turned on her, and she descended into a realm she may not survive. She was walking the bridge between life and death. I watched them both do this with eager eyes and a desperate heart, as if I could control either situation. I felt it with every move they made. This caused me to live with such a heavy heart but as the great once said: “Once you learn how to die, you learn how to live” (Album 82). For me, in all I’ve watched the passed two years, like an out of body experience enduring it from a safe distance, nothing is more true. Your perspective changes dramatically when death brushes past you, once you get passed the depression. I cannot say I’ve comfortably come to peace with this notion but I can say I’m not uncomfortable in the silence. I can say I will not tolerate disrespectful selfish people to expect and take, to belittle my character when I have never set out to hurt or do wrong by anyone I love, to have people in my life who throw my past in my face when I’ve overused apologies for it and explained myself in ways I never had to, to allow people to make me feel like I don’t deserve life because I am honestly flawed.
It tears me open when people continuously and intentionally hurt me, and cannot comprehend for a moment how it feels to be in my place, that I let people disrespect me and use all I give to their own selfish needs and convenience because I don’t want to lose them, that I find myself appeasing someone so much I don’t know who I am anymore – it tears me open and breaks my heart intensely because I love intensely. I love whole heartedly. I give without expectation or demand for it to be returned. I hope – I am always hopeful but it is never quite returned but in minuscule ways from the most random and unexpected arrangement of strangers. To change and break bad habits, bad ways of life is not easy but to finally be opened to understanding yourself and finding out who I am – that value is immeasurable.
A good friend reminded me that I don’t need to be fixed, there is nothing wrong with me, even though so many people try to convince me there is because I give love limitlessly and unconditionally, that I give love where it is undeserved and to people who overstay where they take for granted. That doesn’t mean there’s something wrong with me. This doesn’t mean I need therapy or help or to change. It means I’m unlucky at love but at least I have been blessed with a heart that can be hopeful of the good in humanity, of change within self-centered souls, that can give even after being destroyed, that can surpass what people deserve because in all the people I have been wrong about – not one didn’t come back and give me the satisfaction of knowing they didn’t deserve me. And they didn’t.
Outsiders tend to judge me because of the amount I give to people who they view as selfish takers who are unworthy and undeserving – and as people who are trying to look out for me and be my friend, they become frustrated with me, and I have even been accused of buying love. That is a cop out, false and insulting accusation. To buy love is to expect more than gratitude out of it – all I want when I give is to see the person I am giving to – happy – that makes me ultimately happy. (Unless it becomes expected or I become used, of course)
I understand the majority of society is not made like me – they give in small intervals, mostly on expected holidays and of thoughtless taste but just because I’m built different, doesn’t make me bad. Your judgments of me are reflections on you more than they are a reflection of the true definition of me. Only I can define me. It took me 27 years to figure this all out and 48 hours to come to terms with it all – to finally let go and love all of who I am and what I have done, and there are plenty of people I never want to lose but this is who I am. This is how I feel. And I’m not changing it to make you accept me, to make you more comfortable, or to keep you.
My name is Allison Ryder and I’m unlucky at love, and SO lucky.
But either way, I’ll never stop loving.
2015, care, change, choices, death, decisions, difference, family, friendships, full, growth, happiness, identity, judgment, life, love, my life, norm, perspective, reckless, relationships, rock bottom, society, strength, venting
they say i’ve been making some reckless choices – i’ve been living my life differently, i’ve strayed from the norm – in the wrong direction according to my family. i’m not a kid anymore. i should be more responsible, with a steady job and money saved for retirement – i should be looking at wedding halls and baby cribs. and sure, i want that, but i want it when it’s right not when it’s easy or rushed, just because of some close minded belief that that’s how it should be. i don’t want to be cooped up in an office, working a 9 to 5, wishing for a sick day or the day i don’t have to work in a place i hate – making money to buy holiday gifts and not see a penny of it go towards a dream or ambition.
i’ve hit rock bottom plenty of times but this time is different – this time, i cut through the rocks and had them break skin – this time, i don’t want to fix things and fall back into the same old shit. this time i want to start from where i am. if i wipe out all of the drama and bullshit of this past year – i had a great year. i found something i thought i would never find, something i haven’t felt in years, i found someone – who may be completely unethical in her own past – meaning in how i know her and how she differs from me – but she has filled a void in me effortlessly. she gave life to a corpse. i hadn’t even realized how much of me died over the years. i used to be someone who wanted to save the world, who consistently pursued the wrong people and once attached, could not detach myself – i’m not that person anymore. i don’t do that anymore. i don’t justify the actions of toxic people and make them look better so the world doesn’t see how poorly i’m treated, while i try to fix them – or not even fix them but put a mask on them, making them look like the great person i want and deserve, when they aren’t and will never be that person. nor do i pretend a person isn’t as fucked up as they are. she’s fucked up and flawed, and because of that, she doesn’t shiver in sight of mine. i also don’t fantasize her faults, i take them as they are. our relationship is unethical because of who she is and who i am, because we’re less than lovers but more than friends, but she is the best thing that’s happened to me, throughout all of the chaos. i have found myself and my voice in the shambled bullshit of this year. i have chosen to save myself first, so in turn, i can and will save others. i have been placed before demons with razor blades coming for my blood and walked away. i walked away. i stopped living my life around money, working jobs i hate to get things i don’t need, and started to make a life for myself, that i love, from the bottom up. it’s difficult to understand how a person can find themselves through someone else but it’s what happened – it’s inexplicable but it’s true and the realest experience i ever had.
a lot of people say they don’t like me now, they don’t like the choices i’ve been making, as if i’m chugging shots of vodka while answering and transferring calls and entering go fuck yourself as the middle names of every patient i input into the system. now these are people whose opinions matter the most to me but i realized that while i want the respect and like of my parents and family – i am the only one who has to live with my choices at the end of the day – they merely have to tolerate me or push me aside like a stranger with pleasant civility. but i, i have to be okay with the life i’m living and with the choices i make, and so i’m going to continue on, but from where i am. i can no longer make the world happy at the expense of my own. i have to come first. i have to love myself first. i have to like myself. i know it sucks for a lot of people because i’ve made my mistakes and hurt people unintentionally in the process but i am unapologetically happy in the most unexpected of ways and i’m not going to hide that or sacrifice it. i’m not just alive anymore, for the first time, i’m living. i don’t want to die anytime soon but if i do, i want my list of adventures and experiences and the happiness, fun, and fullness to be greater than the vocabulary enriched intricate one line in some newspaper stating the particulars of my life to show who i leave behind-how i defined myself in some occupation i never really cared for. i never felt this way and i’m going to embrace it. i’m not giving up, i’m just living differently.
challenge, change, confusion, fear, gay marriage, gender, gender roles, growth, insecurity, lgbt, life, love, marriage, marriage equality, politics, progression, religion, same sex marriage, same sex relationships, society, tradition
Someone once said:
“If you have to make laws to hurt a group of people just to prove your morals and faith, then you have no true morals or faith to prove.”
I’m not really one to divulge in political or religious conversations, not because I have no faith, beliefs, or opinions but because these two subjects tend to cause an uproar when realistically, everyone is entitled to their own opinions. However, the opinions and beliefs I have, I strongly stand by and will openly become blunt and argumentative if need be. When I was in high school, I wrote a letter to various governors and mayors regarding two things. The first isn’t for today but the second is in support of gay marriage. As a straight student in Tottenville High School, I had a lot of gay, lesbian, and bi-sexual friends. Now this goes back to the entrance into my teenage years so we’re talking ten years ago or so, when people did not feel as comfortable being open with their sexuality. I watched my best friends struggle with their sexuality, I watched them hide it, be mocked for it when they had the courage to come out. I watched my best friends take a razor to their wrists in fear, rejection, insecurity, and confusion – without guidance or support to understand. At the time, Tottenville held “A Day Of Silence,” in which all could participate, and many did, including myself. It is “the single student – led action towards creating safer schools for all, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression.” This article says it best; “By taking a vow of silence, you’re making a powerful statement about the important issue of anti-LGBT bullying.”
As time has progressed, society has become more comfortable with coming out and openly engaging in same gendered relationships. There will always be people with their own opinions and I respect that but what I do not respect nor agree with is bullying, marriage inequality, or discrimination. Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “our lives begin to and the day we become silent about the things that matter,” and to discriminate against same gendered relationships and marriage is absolutely barbaric. The main protest from opposers is how it goes against the traditional definition of marriage but if we look at that traditional definition- we have migrated from women being property and arranged marriages, to interracial marriages, to LGBT marriages. People and relationships have evolved since ancient times and to stand against people who are doing nothing but trying to embrace love is just as wrong as it was when the world denied interracial marriage. All the LGBT community request is respect and acknowledgment for the same love a man and woman engage in and to deny them to marry is to deny two humans the same rights granted to everyone else because of their gender. There is a writer existent in this world who in his article states that same sex marriage is a “[threat] to religious liberty when churches and religious institutions are challenged not to discriminate against gays.” This has to be the most disgusting thing I have ever read and for it to be in connection with religious leaders is much worse because the church should not discriminate. The gay community may change the world as it changes gender roles within relationships and opens society’s minds and hearts to a love that may be different but is nonetheless true but it does not force its acceptance upon anyone – it simply exists regardless of judgments and opinions. However, protestors enforce their opinions on everyone else by demobilizing the progression of the legalization of gay marriage. That is the difference.
A person would not want to be judged or discriminated against for their gender, nationality, clothing, job, religion, whom they choose to marry, hell, a person wouldn’t want to be discriminated against for their mistakes and actions that actually hurt people so do not dare discriminate against two people simply engaging in love, do not bully them, do not judge them, do not be hurtful, and do not dare stand in the way of people practicing love and being happy – the same beautiful right no one stood in your way to have – despite the physical appearance, personality, or person your partner is.
see the thing is there’s dirty and power driven cops just like there are racist people but at the end of the day, an unjust killing – a murder is a murder. the Eric Garner case became about race but if he was white, I think it would’ve went the same. there are plenty of videos of cops nearly beating white men to death and there are plenty of cops being murdered because they’re a cop. it’s not black vs white or cops vs people unless that is YOUR mindset and that’s what YOU make it about and then encourage such separation between people .. it is bad people, it’s murderers. people attacking cops because of the action of one man is ridiculous and disgusting. it’s the exact discrimination you protest about. now you have not only a flaw in the system and in the law, you are creating a flaw in society. now you have the murder of cops and citizens leaving children fatherless and loved ones in pieces. if you don’t see these murders alike, YOU are the problem so shut the fuck up about your discrimination protests and your correlation to one of the most influential men in history. He fought for ALL people, not just himself. open a textbook and learn something.
if you have the audacity to acknowledge one death and not the other without equal importance then you’re the judgmental racist one. a death is a death and a murder is a murder regardless of what your skin looks like and what clothing you’re wearing. 😤
17th century England, 18th century England, absence, adventure, author, belief, character, choices, civilization, consequence, controversial, corruption, daniel defoe, desertion, desire, development, downfall of society, English culture, experience, exploration, exposure, gender, humanity, individual, integrity, isolation, literature, man, morals, motives, power, reality, religion, repressed, research paper, rights, robinson crusoe, social class mobility, society, solace, survival
Allison Ryder ENL 365
The Battle between Humanity and Man
Daniel Defoe fiercely and openly challenges the idea of individual versus society within England during the 17th and 18th century, in the novel Robinson Crusoe. The author addresses the challenge of placing Crusoe in the 17th century, yet he writes for an 18th century audience. Nevertheless the argument stands because the story resides in English culture; portraying both 17th and 18th century England and the power of society over the individual versus the fight of the individual against society. Defoe strikes back at the faces of society with the character Crusoe, who goes against what his family (the authority figures in his life), tells him to do and creates a new world on a deserted island. The individual development and growth in this novel, is fueled by the absence of society and the reliance on nature, rather than capital. Through this novel, one not only sees the contrasting relationship between humanity and man, but the insertion of the morals and actions of society into the individual realm.
The contrast between man and society, as well as the relationship where it blends, is portrayed in the character growth of Crusoe, Crusoe’s disregard for his parent’s warnings, and what Crusoe does on the island when he is shipwrecked. All of the situations that unfold portray the contrasting relationship. Defoe immediately dives into personal desires versus family expectation, as Crusoe’s father expects him to take part in the family business, while Crusoe has the persistent desire to go to sea and travel around the world. His father states that their placement within society is one of great comfort and remaining in it would make Crusoe: “most suited for happiness, not exposed to the miseries of hardships, the labour and sufferings of the
mechanic part of mankind, and not embarrass’d with pride, luxury, ambition, and envy of the upper part of mankind” (Defoe 6). This quote portrays the comfort level of people within society and their obedience towards their class. People within society were expected to follow the paths laid out for them; “In England, as long as everyone recognized and accepted the hierarchy itself and behaved according to the prescribed forms and standards at each level, then the structure itself was stable” (Heyck 51). The character of Crusoe does not follow the path laid out before him but rather the adventurer deeply rooted within. This desire becomes a direct opposition of the norms within society. Here, the rigid walls of society are torn down and the individual is developed. Defoe sheds light on: “the individual road to self-improvement functioned as a sign of inner virtue, in contrast to the shadowy insubstantiality of the unlearned aristocrat” (Gregg 43). The character of Robinson Crusoe produces an important aspect of independence and living by one’s own accord, as well as taking hold of one’s own rights and not allowing society to dictate the rights one’s given.
Defoe was particular with his character of Crusoe when it came to gender: “[Defoe] was drawn to [the] failings of masculinity” (Gregg 175). Through a man’s individual endeavors, confrontations with conflict, and various situations, one learns what it is to be a man and then becomes one. Crusoe faced hardships and obstacles but they are what created him; rather than falling in place within society and allowing the politics and economy to dictate who he was. This paints the image of the individual holding the rights of the repressed. Focusing on the individual character, Seidel states: “Individual character cannot define itself by the strict imposition of another’s will. No model of action that demands absolute obedience to anyone is tenable unless that desire replicates one’s own” (87). Seidel’s statement supports the idea that individual
temptation is greater than the comforts and expectations derived from society. The primary responsibility in this novel is to Crusoe’s own conscience and humanity, and every choice he makes portrays this. Speaking of England and Robinson Crusoe, Moss and Wilson create an important portrayal of Defoe and Crusoe, as well as society:
“Like Defoe himself, middle-class men risked what little they had to outfit expeditions and trading voyages overseas. Exchanging a simple but secure life for adventure and possible wealth or bankruptcy, Defoe and many of his contemporaries invested in overseas enterprises. Both Defoe and his fictional character, Robinson Crusoe, suffered the consequences of such risks… In the novel, Crusoe is captured by pirates. In real life, Defoe’s cargoes were seized by French sailors in 1692… As one of his contemporaries observed, ‘it is possible to base a study of English society in the early eighteenth century almost entirely on the writings of Daniel Defoe’ (Shinagel, p.17)” (Moss, Wilson 338).
Though there are consequences to their desires; they gain knowledge about themselves and about society from an outside view. Like Crusoe, Defoe also goes against his parent’s rule, and Defoe was born into the middle class and was expected to live accordingly to that standard. Another similarity between the author and his character, was Defoe’s loyalty to his desires and principles regardless of his family or of society’s outlook on them. Defoe was a man who was willing to sacrifice himself while holding the courage to go after what he desired in life and what he believed was right. Though society did not embrace Defoe’s tactics; Defoe was able to expose the deceit in politics, the importance of trade, and the revelations he had made about the economy and the advancement of society. Robinson Crusoe being one of the novels he had written later on, in his life, held many similarities between author and main character.
The author did not create similarities within the individual, without also creating similarities between societies. Defoe transcended his society’s principles into the book and
recreated the journey he had gone through, through alternate misfortunes. When it came to England; “he constantly revisited the relations between wealth and commerce, effeminacy, morality, political constitution and national character. Unavoidably, then, Defoe needed to draw upon the dominant models of social change to explain these relations: civic humanism and commercial ideology” (Gregg 27). These subjects found themselves within the novel, expressing the ways in which they combined into the independence of the individual, and how these concepts altered that independence.
Crusoe’s desertion and isolation on the island contributes to his growth as an individual as he finds solace in the absence of civilization, however, one can see how Defoe inserts society onto the abandoned island. In associating the character with the island, Gregg defines Crusoe: “[I]t is in the landscape of Crusoe’s island that we see the emblem of his manliness” (63). Understanding Defoe’s representation of ‘manliness,’ in this novel is a crucial part of understanding the individual. It is not simply about gender being a specific quality of the character; it is about the conflicts he endures and the hard work he engages in, upon this island, that makes him a man. In Defoe’s eyes, a man is not someone who simply takes orders from his parents and follows humanity down a never ending tunnel of corruption and deceit but someone who follows their own impulses, desires and dreams.
“The question in Robinson Crusoe, as in almost all of Defoe’s works, is not so much what happens when one resists authority as what happens when traditionally formed class values are juxtaposed against the drives, impulses, inclinations, and desires of particular individuals. It is in this very area that the novel, past and present, finds its most fascinating subject matter” (87-88).
Crusoe is not making his choices to intentionally fight against society but because his decisions oppose the traditional class values of what a man during this time period in England, should be taking part in, the character becomes a part of a greater philosophical concept.
The notions of survival, slavery, money, existence of other people and creatures, and religion are taken from the world and slowly injected onto the island. The concept of money is deeply inserted into Crusoe’s journey’s and various interactions; where he always ends up trading one thing for something else:
“he offer’d me also 60 Pieces of Eight more for my boy Xury, which I was loath to take, not that I was not willing to let the Captain have him, but I was very loath to sell the poor boy’s liberty who had assisted me so faithfully in procuring my own… Xury saying he was willing to go to him, I let the Captain have him” (Defoe 29).
This creates a controversial political statement causing readers to contemplate and question the moral code and values of not only Crusoe but society during this time period. Crusoe takes part in various acts of slavery; inadvertently reflecting society’s power over someone else, to the point where they own someone.
The controversial portrayal of politics and power were not the only blatant attacks on society, but Defoe included religion into his novel as well. Defoe’s father desired his son to dive into the ministry but Daniel had different motives and outlooks on religion. The author has Crusoe find religion not within public discourse but in his private realm on the island. Dr. Morillo states: “[F]inding God should and must be an independent act… [I]t was his very
rebellion against his father and the “Middle Station” that put him in a position to find God on his own.” (2) Though Crusoe is equipped with a Bible; the insertion of God and the contemplations of his journey, not being found through the Church but his own individual sickness, opposed society’s declaration of religion. Furthermore; “This introduction of another human being to the
system, and his discourse with Crusoe on religious matters, is where the public realm of religion emerges… Friday’s own innate goodness [makes] Crusoe question his own God” (Morillo 2).
Sharing his religious revelations with Friday, Crusoe began to question his own beliefs and this portrays the impact of civilization on an individual’s beliefs. Through these subtle insertions, Defoe is blending the contrasting relationship between man and humanity, and exposing the truth about society during this time.
Since Crusoe had been on the island and was left to fend for himself, readers can see the growth of his character in certain aspects:
“I was removed from all the wickedness of the world here: I had neither the lust of flesh, the lust of eye, or the pride of life.36 I had nothing to covet; for I had all that I was now capable of enjoying” (Defoe 102).
Though Crusoe’s desire for adventuring and exploring led him to various obstacles, it led him away from the materialistic evils of the world, as he had no choice but to become dependent on the natural world. Here, Crusoe only had what he needed for comfort and survival; creating the idea that happiness and satisfaction would be found more in a life one created for one’s self, than a life bound and limited by the laws of England.
The removal of society made the questionable values of civilization fade, as Crusoe created his own form of society where he was fit for each occupation; such as constructing a home, becoming a hunter, and relying on nature which he needed desperately. The island became a place where neither money nor class status held any power. Heyck declares: “Each person and family assumed the style, the duties, and the privileges of their new position as they moved up the rungs. Social mobility thus provided a safety valve for the economic dynamism of the country” (51). There were no concerns of social mobility or class on the island; there was just the
importance of one man and his survival. The nonexistent exposed England’s downfalls: “Defoe may be uncovering an unpalatable truth in a pragmatic way, but his lament is directed at ‘the times’ and their seeming obsession with appearances and status emulation” (Gregg 20). Defoe takes readers away from their time, placing them on a deserted island, in the mind of a man who has nothing but himself; to ponder the realities of England’s ‘prosperous’ actions, as well as the consequences.
Through the insertion of humanity such as the cannibals and Friday, Defoe paints a new kind of society:
“Defoe illustrates the idea of tolerance when he shows that African, British, and Spanish men can peacefully coexist on one island. Crusoe’s island is the site of cooperation and tolerance among men of different religions and nationalities. Defoe holds up the island as a model upon which his own country, the island nation of England, can rebuild itself” (Moss, Wilson 338).
This display of various humans being united breaks the chains of slavery and class. It creates the notion that all people, regardless of their backgrounds or religion are equal, and there was no forced religion or forced law upon them. They were free to be who they were and practice their individual beliefs. This creates a great distinction between Crusoe’s society and society within England.
The absence of the need for money, trade, and wealth creates the importance of labor and production with no control over the means. Crusoe was forced to face the repercussions of his choices and within his suffering, gains more knowledge than he would have had, had he obliged the authority figures in his life.
Though Crusoe never quite detaches himself from the warnings his father gave him before leaving, his journey enhances the individual and exposes the flaws in society:
“[H]is character may be better served in the long run by resisting his father’s advice than by giving in to it complacently. There are times when the secure and complacent life he recommends is worse than the necessary errantry of a free soul… Some of the best of recent work on Crusoe by young scholars, such as Richard Braverman and Christopher Flint, see the struggle of Crusoe as the struggle of the new order in English commercial or civic life, an order based not so much on family relations and custom as on proprietary contract and economic expansion. For Flint, the annulment of the family is a paramount experience in the whole of the Crusoe saga and made a necessity of island life. Island life, that is, becomes the symbol of what Crusoe seeks and needs all along: independence21” (Seidel 88).
Here, Seidel is exploring the desire for independence; Crusoe’s desire to break his ties from England and live his own life, without worrying about abiding by someone else’s laws. Crusoe’s desires made him stubborn to the warnings in front of him because he did not desire being cemented in a cell where his life was dictated by the most powerful.
Visconsi offers a different representation of the novel, as he says: “the novel wrestle[s] with the problems of civility and barbarism; the novel proposes trade as a remedy for New World
savagery on the model of England’s own unfinished word of civilizing itself through enterprise and trade” (187). England thrived on wealth and trade, and this provided the foundation for members within society to flourish. From slavery to savages, to religion and unnecessary money found on the wrecked ship; one can view the insertion of society into the individual realm the island provides Crusoe with. Even in his quest for independence, Defoe presents readers with the
societal values that have already been engraved in Crusoe’s mind: “[I]n another I found about thirty six pounds value in money, some European coins, some Brasil, some pieces of Eight, some gold, some silver… O dryg! said I aloud, what art thou good for?” (Defoe 47) Though Crusoe does not require any money, has no use for it, and even goes as far as saying one knife is
worth more than all those coins, gold, and silver; he takes the money with him regardless. While Defoe portrays the lack of necessity for money, he also shows the power money holds over a person during this time. As stripped from humanity as Crusoe is, and though he finds peace within nature, he still possesses qualities and holds values of those he left behind. This is the third place where the relationship between man and society blurs. The first place was Crusoe’s selling Xury and the second was Crusoe’s religious discourse with Friday.
Through the misadventures of Robinson Crusoe; one can view the struggle of maintaining independence in a corrupted society. Defoe’s portrayal of 17th century England and in retrospect, the advancements that would come within the next century, reflects the downfalls of civilization. The author shows the power of a class over one man, the doubt society can instill within a person’s beliefs, and the questionable integrity of a man should he abide by social class mobility, rather than stand strong beside his own personal beliefs. If there were a piece of knowledge that was nonexistent at the beginning of this novel, it would have to be Daniel Defoe’s ability to reveal the individual versus society on a deserted island, in deep comparison with the choices, actions, and morals of England; giving readers a better understanding of the development of civilization over time.
1. Defoe, Daniel. Robinson Crusoe. Ed. John Richetti. Penguin Classics, 2001.
2. Moss, Joyce and George Wilson. Vol. 1: Ancient Times to the American and French Revolutions (Pre-History-1790s). Detroit: Gale, 1997. 337-343
3. Gregg, Stephen. Defoe’s Writings and Manliness: Contrary Men. Farnharm, Surrey, GBR: Ashgate Publishing Group, 2009. 20-164
4. Visconsi, Elliott. Lines of Equity: Literature and the Origins of Law in Later Stuart England. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press, 2008. 185-187
5. Seidel, Michael. Tawyne’s Masterwork Studies 64. Boston: Twayne, 1991. 87-88
6. Morillo. PHD. “Robinson Crusoe: An Evolution of Political Religion.” English 362: Eighteenth-Century Novel. 12 March 2012 .
7. Heyck, Thomas. The People of the British Isles. Lycem Books, 2002. 50-5
30/30, alice in wonderland, amusement, April, beginning, crazy, ending, fairytales, intrigue, lesson, life, mad, mystery, perception, personified, poetry, self reflection, society, sorrows, stories, strange, struggles
by allison ryder
it’s as if nothing is real..
how to differentiate between
what is tangible and what is make believe.
coffee, tea, and cookies were never
such a musical affair;
it’s as if the rabbit laughs
at high society. he makes a mockery
of stuck up nobody’s, with too much to say.
oh, how the perception of life
differs down here.
amusement, entertainment, and laughter
soak up every step. colors emerge
in thin air. animals personified.
but most of all, it is the mystery.
the riddle of intrigue,
the lesson. we tumble down
a dark hole, derived
from struggles and sorrows.
said to have gone mad..
at the bottom,
we find new life.
we see the true reflections
we achieve the impossible.
for here, there are no limits.
that nothing is impossible.
mad as he was, he spoke
all the best people are mad,
for they are the ones
who can make wonderland